NATO officials are officially outraged at Russia again today, this time because the Russian Federation signed a treaty of economic and military cooperation with its tiny neighbor, the Republic of Abkhazia.
NATO is mad because it doesn’t recognize the right of Abkhazia to exist as an independent republic, and wants it eventually annexed into Georgia. They complained the treaty would not contribute to Abkhazia’s ceasing to exist.
Georgia complained the deal, which secured military backing for Abkhazia’s continued existence, amounted to a Russian annexation of “Georgian soil” and a violation of their sovereignty.
Abkhazia’s status has been disputed since the break-up of the Soviet Union, as the Abkhaz SSR was considered an “autonomous” republic, but one that was associated with the Georgian SSR.
When the Soviet Union broke up, Georgia sought to include Abkhazia, arguing Soviet-granted autonomy no longer applied. The Republic of Abkhazia reasserted itself at the end of the 1992-93 war, and the 2000 Russo-Georgia War further cemented its status as an independent republic that, because of NATO-Russia tensions, no one in NATO will ever recognize.