China Emphasizes Desire for ‘Peaceful Reunification’ With Taiwan in New White Paper

The paper says China will only use force if 'external forces' cross 'red lines'

For the first time in over two decades, China released a new white paper on Taiwan that lays out Beijing’s goals for the island.

The document emphasizes that China’s goal is for “peaceful reunification” but also makes clear that it won’t rule out military force if foreign intervention and “separatist forces” go too far.

“We will work with the greatest sincerity and exert our utmost efforts to achieve peaceful reunification,” the document reads. “We will only be forced to take drastic measures to respond to the provocation of separatist elements or external forces should they ever cross our red lines.”

The white paper was issued shortly after House Speaker Nancy Pelosi visited Taiwan, which China responded to by holding its largest-ever military exercises around the island. As the US has increased support for Taiwan in recent years, Chinese officials have stepped up their warning against US support for the island’s “independence forces.”

The paper directly addressed US intervention in Taiwan. “Some forces in the US are making every effort to incite groups inside Taiwan to stir up trouble and use Taiwan as a pawn against China,” it says.

The document says that if US intervention is “left unchecked, it will continue to escalate tension across the Straits, further disrupt China-US relations, and severely damage the interests of the US itself.”

The paper calls for more cross-Strait communication and says China wants to work toward a “one country, two systems” arrangement with Taiwan, referring to the governing systems of Hong Kong and Macau.

“We will continue working with our compatriots in Taiwan to explore a two-systems solution to the Taiwan question and increase our efforts towards peaceful reunification,” the document reads.

China’s first white paper was published in 1993, and another was issued in 2000. The new white paper signals that Beijing is stepping up its efforts to unify with Taiwan amid an increase in US support for the island.

Author: Dave DeCamp

Dave DeCamp is the news editor of, follow him on Twitter @decampdave.