As has been the case for the past several days, Syrian warplanes were active in the skies over the rebel-held towns in the Damascus suburb of Eastern Ghouta. Heavy strikes killed dozens of civilians.
According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the Wednesday attacks killed at least 31 civilians, and 12 of them were children. The Syrian government denied deliberately attacking civilian targets, but provided no specifics on what they thought they were attacking.
This has been a recurring problem with air campaigns against rebel targets in Syria, as they tend to be within relatively densely populated areas, and neither Syria, nor Russia, nor the US and its allies seem to be able to attack rebels in such areas without getting a lot of civilian bystanders.
Eastern Ghouta is the last rebel-held enclave near Damascus, and parts of it have been held virtually for the entire war. Expelling the rebels from the surrounding area has been slow, and mostly seen them evacuated to Idlib Provence. With Idlib now also under siege, it’s not clear there’s anyplace for the remnants to evacuate to, and the rebels likewise seem to have little interest in negotiating.